Sports and Veganism

In 2011, the American professional cyclist David Zabriskie (Garmin group – overalls), that this year is going to compete in the Tour de France just a purely vegan diet. There is no doubt that he has challenged hard, when the average day of the Tour, the cyclist to return to his body about 8000 calories, lots of meat, to complete the protein losses of the day.


Each and every one must have recently been exposed or another video on YouTube, which encourages the movement of vegetarian or vegan diet. Some of us move on and continue as normal, some are beginning to question eating meat or animal products at all, and some people are persuaded, and inscribe on their banner vegetarian or vegan diet. If once to encounter in man a vegetarian was a rare sight, surely today come to me quite a few people vegetarians, vegans or other combinations (coachee or did not).
What is the difference between vegetarianism veganism at all?

The population of vegetarians avoid eating meat in all its forms (beef, chicken, fish, turkey, etc.). Vegan add also that avoiding feeding of all animal foods (not just meat and fish), ie, with eggs, and dairy products. Most of us it may seem as if there was nothing left to eat if you avoid all of these, but you just have to know some new foods.

There is no goal in this column, “to preach” to eating products of animal or not, since In my humble opinion it comes in approaches various trophic. Whether I agree with this view or not, for a professional to examine the diet of the person in front of him, and make sure that does not suffer nutritional deficiencies that may impair health.

As stated, when addressing me practicing vegan, my main objective is to make sure that despite the abstention from specific food, nutritional deficiencies will not, exhaustion and sports injuries. In fact, this is the goal in any nutrition counseling for athletes who are exposed to nutritional deficiencies than the general population (especially without iron, B12, calcium and protein). The problem was that the nutritional deficiencies of these costs, the more so when it comes to veganism or vegetarianism. I see in real attempt to overcome the missing, but not always with success.

Protein

Is one common missing protein. A person who practices should consume 1.2 to 2 g of protein per kg of body weight (depending on the intensity and frequency of training). Example, the parable of 70 kg person should eat 84-140 g of protein per day. Animal proteins contain the amino acids (building blocks of protein) essential for protein synthesis, and therefore are considered high quality proteins or “full.” People need regular diet will not hesitate especially to the conventional recommendations, as protein sources available and familiar to us are meat and dairy products, fish, eggs and dairy products.

Of course, when avoiding all these – we must find a way to fill the gaps, and of quality.

Plant sources such as beans, seeds and nuts definitely contain protein, but are considered less reliable amino acids for protein synthesis, and therefore are called “incomplete proteins.” However, when consuming the right combination of protein sources from plants, you can certainly get adequate protein quantity and quality.

Good way to get high-quality complete protein, is to combine grain legumes. All of these groups subtracts another essential amino acid, but the combination of the two groups also brings us to receive high-quality complete protein as animal protein! Majadra is a great solution (Rice is a grain and lentils are legumes), bread with homemade hummus and many dishes that combine the two groups. It is important to say that the combination should occur on the same day, but not necessarily in the same meal.

If so, the protein can be especially legumes (dried peas cup, chickpeas, white beans, lentils or Paul will contain about 15 g of protein) and soy milk drinks (250 ml of beverage contain 3% fat 7 g protein), tofu (100 g tofu 16 g of protein) or seitan (gluten protein. 100 g has about 30 g of protein).

Luckily, legumes and iron-rich B vitamins (except B12), so a vegan or vegetarian meals combine beans during the day – would benefit all sides: extra protein, iron and B vitamins
Iron and zinc

Iron and zinc may also be deficient vegetarian or vegan diet. These minerals are essential for carrying oxygen, energy production, immune system, normal function of the brain and nervous system. The problem with iron and zinc from plant foods (especially greens) is that there are components in plants that bind to the zinc and iron, so that only a small part of iron and zinc in our bodies actually absorbed. The decline in the availability of iron and zinc so strong as vegetarian or vegan should consume 2 times the amount of iron of the recommendations accepted.

Cooking techniques such as sowing legumes, increase the absorption of zinc and iron in the body, and therefore recommended.

Another technique to increase the absorption of iron and zinc from plants is to consume them together with vitamin C (peppers, tomatoes, citrus fruits, strawberries), while avoid could not consume them along with coffee or tea drinks containing oxalate and tannins that impede the absorption.

Calcium and vitamin D

As for calcium and vitamin D, there is no doubt that when you download the dairy in our daily diet, we also reduce a major source of their readily available. Lack of calcium and vitamin D may impair bone density, result in sports injuries (stress fractures mostly) or delay healing fractures and injuries. As mentioned, the main concern is to make sure that the person will be deprived of the accepted recommendations of the recommended calcium intake.

Calcium intake recommendations vary with age, and over 18 are range from 1000 mg to 1200 mg per day.

Such as iron and zinc, calcium from plants also less well absorbed in the body due to the plant components that bind tightly to calcium and prevent it from effectively absorbed in the body.

Good sources of calcium from plants are: Full sesame tahini (tablespoon contains 200 mg of calcium, 100 calories), cabbage – for (Kyle) and broccoli (broccoli cup contains 80 mg of calcium), natural almonds (10 almonds contain about 40 mg of calcium and 90 calories), and of course calcium-fortified tofu products, usually also enriched with Vitamin D.
Vitamin B12

Because vitamin B12 comes from animal entirely, we can not get it vegetarian or vegan diet. Vitamin B12 deficiency may lead to concentration problems, weakness and fatigue, tingling feeling sometimes, dizziness, memory problems and more. Another problem is a vegetarian and vegan diet usually contains large amounts of folic acid, which can screen the missing vitamin B12 levels.

The only thing to do is to be followed up in blood tests for the vitamin levels in order to dwindling reserves in time.
Supplements?

Do not forget, as always, that blood testing is recommended every six months, especially iron (iron, ferritin, Trnsfrin, blood count) and vitamin B12, and vitamin D to diagnose nutritional deficiencies. If you find a nutritional deficiency, have to consider nutritional supplements along with a professional. Diagnostic testing calcium deficiency is more problematic, since that requires a DEXA bone density test, which is not available to the general population.

If you consider that fail to eat enough calcium-rich foods, dietary supplements may be needed in appropriate amounts (if do not like grinding, for example, missing a great source of calcium).

It is important to say that if there is a risk to your daily diet is not sufficient, it is recommended to consult a professional about taking a multivitamin suited to vegetarianism. Please note that sometimes there is a tendency to take some supplements along with a multivitamin, but you should stop here and see if duplicates are not taking supplements for nothing, or take supplements that interfere with the absorption of the other one.
In summary

With an increase in vegetarian and vegan recent years, there is no doubt that even the professionals from clinical nutrition should make the necessary adjustments to such populations. Vegetarians and vegans can definitely make the health benefits of such a diet, get accepted recommendations of the vitamins and minerals mentioned in the article, not only for general health, but also to maximize sports performance. Vegans can get adequate amounts of appropriate amino acids, and increase muscle mass with strength training, provided to take care of the correct combinations.

Also, vegetarian and vegan diet can provide the iron needed to improve fitness levels combined with cardio training. All this can occur, provided there is good planning and careful, ensuring the correct combinations and not missing any component of food! And if you mess up, you should always consult with a professional to build you a customized program needs and goals without you hurting your health and athletic performance.

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Vegetarianism – Seven things to think about.

The modern lifestyle dictates us to live our lives to the fullest while just expecting from our bodies to function. Would your car keep on going if you’ll keep on giving it the WRONG kind of fuel?

Here are 7 reasons to go vegetarian. I know you’ll thank me later on ๐Ÿ˜‰

  1. Eat a dark green vegetable (broccoli, spinach, kale, collard greens) at least three times a week. These nutritional powerhouses are packed full of vitamins such as calcium and iron. On the run or hate spinach? Try drinking your greens. I recommend Naked Juice’s Green Machine-its made with fruit juice as well as greens, so it tastes better than others.
  2. Take a vitamin supplement that contains B12 or include nutritional yeast in your diet regularly, especially if you’re vegan or mostly vegan.
  3. Water water water! It’s been said over and over again for a reason-because its true! Most people don’t drink nearly enough. Bring a water bottle with you wherever you go and invest in a simple filter for your home. Water is especially important when adjusting to a new way of eating, as it will help curb any cravings you may experience.
  4. Make it a goal to eat at least one piece of raw fruit or a handful of raw vegetables every day try to eat an apple first thing in the morning to get it out of the way.
  5. Reduce your refined sugar intake. I’ve got as much of a sweet tooth as anybody, but I try to keep it under control by using such sugar replacers as brown rice syrup, stevia and agave nectar whenever possible (such as in coffee and tea) and indulging in the refined stuff only occasionally.
  6. Keep your favorite salad dressings on hand. I find that I’m much more likely to eat my greens or some raw veggies when my favorite salad dressings are in the fridge. A little variety is great too–I try to keep at least two kinds, either store bought or homemade on hand at all times. Some of my favorites are homemade goddess dressing, Thai peanut sauce from my local Asian grocer and raspberry vinaigrette. A vegan ranch dressing was helpful as well when I was trying to wean myself off dairy.
  7. Eat the rainbow! Fruits and vegetables all contain different nutrients. A simple way to remember to eat a range of vitamins and minerals is to vary the colors of the vegetables you eat. Of course, greens are always good, but try eating a rainbow of tomatoes, yellow squash and purple cabbage!

Green juice, green tea and smoothies

Green tea comes from the Far East,ย green tea accounts for about 20% of the global tea consumption, especially in Asia and several countries in North America. In recent years, green tea has become increasingly popular in the West, for a variety of health benefits associated with it. Has been attributed to green tea are many health benefits, green tea helps in strengthening the immune system, the recovery process after a workout plus green tea raises metabolic rate in the body and thus helps in weight loss. Main advantage of tea is that it is completely natural, contains no added flavorings, colors or preservatives. In addition, tea without added sugar, honey is calorie-free beverage and is a vital element in maintaining the fluid balance in the body.

  • Lettuce juice: Lettuce delicious and nutritious. Dark varieties, such as the Arab lettuce are the most nutritious. Arab lettuce is an excellent source of calcium, chlorophyll, magnesium, iron, potassium, silicon and vitamins A and E. Lettuce especially useful for building Hhmogblin blood. Lettuce juice adds shine, thickness and health of hair and skin. Lettuce provides the hair roots essential nutrients. Silicon containing lettuce keeps muscles and joints flexible. Lettuce juice is beneficial in situations of: anemia, constipation, hair loss, insomnia, liver disorders, nervous disorders and weight reduction.
  • Spinach juice: Drives the gut (good for constipation). Fresh spinach juice no oxalic acid, but only cooked spinach.
  • Another green juice: Parsley juice (1/4 cup) with carrot juice (3/4 cup). Green juices cleanse the lungs. Thus smokers are also excellent. Vegetable juices are also rich in chlorophyll, which is important in the process of cleansing the body. It is used as antiseptic, anti-viral and anti-bacterial, red Maksur builds and enriches the blood iron. Fresh green bean juice plus cabbage sprouts backpack: This combination re-pancreatic cells. Mix with carrots, parsley, celery. Vegetable juices can also add a little green powder (of wheat grass / barley, Chlorella, Spirulina, etc.) or fresh wheat grass juice to complete them into something powerful and healthy. You can also add one or two herbs (parsley, dill, mint, cilantro, etc.), or seaweed Dulles (which is rich in protein, iodine and iron DULSE). Juices – What do we actually have? Vegetable juice as a daily supplement to your diet (2-3 glasses of juice a day). Juice fasting days – which are used in juices daily diet. These days drinking 5-6 glasses of juice a day, in addition for drinking water and herbal tea. Example juice: 1/3 cup carrot juice, 2/3 cup cucumber juice and celery or cucumbers and lettuce.

SUPER FOODS

Superfoods help keep us healthy and youthful. They potentially fight diseases such as diabetes, cancer and heart disease and may even help slow the aging process. So what better foods to toss into your salads?

cucumbers, lemons, avocado and other greens

ย Beets &spinach .ย Thanks to a unique pigment, called betalain, biting into a beet provides antioxidants, reduces inflammation and may help flush toxins out of the body. Beets are also rich in blood pressure lowering nitrates.Much of the research on carrots has traditionally focused on carotenoids and their important antioxidant benefits. After all, carrots (along with pumpkin and spinach) rank high on the list of all commonly-consumed U.S. antioxidant vegetables in terms of their beta-carotene content. But recent research has turned the health spotlight onto another category of phytonutrients in carrots called polyacetylenes. In carrots, the most important polyacetylenes include falcarinol and falcarindiol. Several recent studies have identified these carrot polyacetylenes as phytonutrients that can help inhibit the growth of colon cancer cells, especially when these polyacetylenes are found in their reduced (versus oxidized) form. These new findings are exciting because they suggest a key interaction between the carotenoids and polyacetylenes in carrots. Apparently, the rich carotenoid content of carrots not only helps prevent oxidative damage inside our body, but it may also help prevent oxidative damage to the carrot polyacetylenes. In other words, these two amazing groups of phytonutrients in carrots may work together in a synergistic way to maximize our health benefits!